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Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon

The Monastery of Jerónimos is a monument which represents the Portuguese discoveries, located in Lisbon, more precisely in Belém, and it has a magnificent view over the Tagus River.

Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon, Portugal

The Monastery of Jerónimos is the biggest symbol of the Manueline Architecture and at the same time the building with the greater awareness of the XVI century in Portugal. At that time it was one of the main churches.

King D. Manuel I was the responsible for started the Monastery of Jerónimos after the return of Vasco da Gama from India. The financing of this imposing monument was due mainly to the profits of the spices market.

Its construction was progressive along different reigns, namely during the reign of D. João I, II and III. Diogo Boitaca and João de Castilho were the main architects and builders of the Monastery of Jerónimos. This name is a result of the delivery of this monument to the Order of S. Jerónimo (St Jerome) presented until 1934 ( XIX century).

Still during the XVIII century, the Monastery of Jorónimos resisted to the earthquake of 1755, being then damaged by the French troops of Napoleon Bonaparte on the beginning of the XIX century. The graves of the kings D. João III and his wife D. Catarina, D. Manuel I and his wife, D. Henrique, D. Sebastião, as well as those of Vasco da Gama, Fernando Pessoa, Alexandre Herculano and Luiz Vaz de Camões are in this monument.

The Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon is considered World Heritage by UNESCO.

 

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